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Usual weather in Russia

Do you need to know, when is the best time to go to Russia? Then you should take a look here, what weather you can expect there during the year.

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What weather to expect in Russia

The climate of Russia is very varied. It ranges from steppes in the south through humid continental in much of European Russia, and the climate is subarctic in Siberia and there is tundra climate in the polar north. Winters are cool along Black Sea coast, but frigid in Siberia - and something between these two in the more central parts of Russia. Summers vary from warm in the steppes to cool along Arctic coast.

As Russia has a really huge area, the information below relate mostly only to the area around the capital of this country. To see information about other places, please, choose one of these areas: Central Russia, Chernozemye, Kaliningrad Oblast, Northwestern Russia, Russian Far East, Siberia, Southern Russia, Urals, Volga Region.

Let's look now what weather you can expect in the area around the capital and in many other cities. The warmest month here is July, the average maximum temperature is 23.1 ℃ (73.58 ℉). The average minimum temperature in this month is 13.5 ℃ (56.3 ℉). The coldest month here is January, the average maximum temperature is -6.2 ℃ (20.84 ℉). The average minimum temperature in this month is -12.2 ℃ (10.04 ℉). The most rainy month here is November, the average number of rainy days is 12. The least rainy month here is February, the average number of rainy days is 8.

When travelling to some places in Russia, always consider the altitude of the the place as well. The highest point here is Gora El'brus (5642 m) and the lowest point is Caspian Sea (-28 m). So there are huge differences in altitudes in this country and the weather is very different in them therefore. Keep in mind, that the temperature usually decreases by 1.2 - 1.9 ℃ (2.2 - 3.5 ℉) per 200 m (656 ft), depending on the other conditions. (And we should add, that in the very special condition named thermal inversion even the temperature may be higher in higher altitudes.)

Please, keep in mind, that this is not a weather forecast, but the information about the usual weather (average). This should help you to decide, when is the best time to go to Russia. Read more details about the typical weather there in all individual months below:

January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December


January

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in January is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in January is -6.2 ℃ (20.84 ℉). The average lowest temperature is -12.2 ℃ (10.04 ℉). At the beginning of January you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -4.8 ℃ (23.36 ℉). At the end of January you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -5.1 ℃ (22.82 ℉). The average number of rainy days in January is 10.9. The average rainfall is 42.4 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 7:05 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 7:38 and at the end of the month 8:30.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

February

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in February is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in February is -4 ℃ (24.8 ℉). The average lowest temperature is -10.7 ℃ (12.74 ℉). At the beginning of February you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -5.1 ℃ (22.82 ℉). At the end of February you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -1.15 ℃ (29.93 ℉). The average number of rainy days in February is 8. The average rainfall is 35.7 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 8:30 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 9:34 and at the end of the month 10:42.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

March

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in March is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in March is 1.7 ℃ (35.06 ℉). The average lowest temperature is -5.4 ℃ (22.28 ℉). At the beginning of March you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -1.15 ℃ (29.93 ℉). At the end of March you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 6.2 ℃ (43.16 ℉). The average number of rainy days in March is 8. The average rainfall is 34.8 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 10:42 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 11:52 and at the end of the month 13:02.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

April

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in April is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in April is 10.7 ℃ (51.26 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 1.9 ℃ (35.42 ℉). At the beginning of April you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 6.2 ℃ (43.16 ℉). At the end of April you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 14.6 ℃ (58.28 ℉). The average number of rainy days in April is 9. The average rainfall is 43.5 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 13:02 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 14:10 and at the end of the month 15:17.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

May

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in May is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in May is 18.5 ℃ (65.3 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 7.7 ℃ (45.86 ℉). At the beginning of May you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 14.6 ℃ (58.28 ℉). At the end of May you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 20.3 ℃ (68.54 ℉). The average number of rainy days in May is 8.2. The average rainfall is 51.6 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 15:17 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 16:17 and at the end of the month 17:04.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

June

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in June is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in June is 22.1 ℃ (71.78 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 11.8 ℃ (53.24 ℉). At the beginning of June you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 20.3 ℃ (68.54 ℉). At the end of June you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 22.6 ℃ (72.68 ℉). The average number of rainy days in June is 10.8. The average rainfall is 73.4 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 17:04 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 17:31 and at the end of the month 17:30.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

July

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in July is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in July is 23.1 ℃ (73.58 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 13.5 ℃ (56.3 ℉). At the beginning of July you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 22.6 ℃ (72.68 ℉). At the end of July you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 22.25 ℃ (72.05 ℉). The average number of rainy days in July is 11.9. The average rainfall is 92.2 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 17:30 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 17:02 and at the end of the month 16:14.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

August

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in August is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in August is 21.4 ℃ (70.52 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 12.3 ℃ (54.14 ℉). At the beginning of August you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 22.25 ℃ (72.05 ℉). At the end of August you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 18.4 ℃ (65.12 ℉). The average number of rainy days in August is 9.8. The average rainfall is 77 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 16:14 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 15:14 and at the end of the month 14:08.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

September

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in September is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in September is 15.4 ℃ (59.72 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 7.2 ℃ (44.96 ℉). At the beginning of September you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 18.4 ℃ (65.12 ℉). At the end of September you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 12 ℃ (53.6 ℉). The average number of rainy days in September is 11.1. The average rainfall is 63.5 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 14:08 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 13:00 and at the end of the month 11:51.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

October

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in October is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in October is 8.6 ℃ (47.48 ℉). The average lowest temperature is 2.3 ℃ (36.14 ℉). At the beginning of October you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 12 ℃ (53.6 ℉). At the end of October you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 4.95 ℃ (40.91 ℉). The average number of rainy days in October is 10. The average rainfall is 59.2 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 11:51 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 10:43 and at the end of the month 9:35.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

November

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in November is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in November is 1.3 ℃ (34.34 ℉). The average lowest temperature is -3.1 ℃ (26.42 ℉). At the beginning of November you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around 4.95 ℃ (40.91 ℉). At the end of November you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -1.05 ℃ (30.11 ℉). The average number of rainy days in November is 12. The average rainfall is 59.3 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 9:35 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 8:32 and at the end of the month 7:40.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.

December

Typical (usual) weather in Russia in December is this: The average highest temperature in Russia in December is -3.4 ℃ (25.88 ℉). The average lowest temperature is -8.3 ℃ (17.06 ℉). At the beginning of December you can expect higher temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -1.05 ℃ (30.11 ℉). At the end of December you can expect lower temperatures, the average highest temperature is around -4.8 ℃ (23.36 ℉). The average number of rainy days in December is 11.8. The average rainfall is 55.9 mm (look here, what this number means). When planning your travel, please, keep in mind, that actual weather may differ from these average values. The length of the day at the beginning of this month is approximately 7:40 (hours and minutes), in the middle of the month 7:06 and at the end of the month 7:00.These numbers above are valid primarily for the capital and the area around it. It is important to say, that the weather may differ significantly in different altitudes, especially in mountains.



When you read about the number of mm of rainfall, you should know this: Light rain is when the precipitation rate is less than 2.5 mm (0.1 in) per hour. For moderate rain this number is between 2.5 mm and 10 mm (0.4 in), for heavy rain it is 10 mm - 50 mm (2.0 in). Violent rain has this number higher than 50 mm per hour.


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